Up to 25% Off on Subscription orders

Knee Joint on Artificial Model Closeup

What Are Growth Plates and How Does It Affect Height?

Written by: Earl Jhon Nadayag



Time to read 6 min

The human body is a wonder, growing and changing from infancy into adulthood. This incredible transformation is marked by numerous milestones, from the first steps to the final growth spurts of the teen years. But, have you ever wondered how this happens? It's all because of growth plates. These are special areas at the ends of children's bones, where the bones grow longer.

Growth plates, or epiphyseal plates as they are scientifically known, serve as the construction sites where new bone is diligently crafted. These plates are found at the end of children’s long bones, where they add length bit by bit.

In this blog, we’ll learn more about growth plates — from their biology to the external factors that influence them, and explore how enhancing nutrition with TruHeight® can be part of a proactive approach to support this natural growth process. So, let's get started and learn more about these powerful plates inside growing bones.

The Basics of Growth Plates

Definition and Location:

Within the long bones of children and adolescents, growth plates play a crucial role in bone development. These special zones of cartilage, located at the ends of bones like the femur, tibia, and radius, are vital for growth. They carefully regulate bone length, acting as blueprints for children’s future height and strength as they grow into adults.

Growth Plates

Formation and Development:

Growth plates form at the very start of life, marking the beginning of an amazing biological process. As a child's body grows, these plates develop alongside, driven by special cells called chondrocytes. These cells work hard, multiplying and shaping new bone tissue.

This transformation process changes soft cartilage into strong bones, building the solid structure that supports children as they grow up. From their start to their development, growth plates tell the story of growth, linking every stage of childhood and adolescence with the hope of reaching one's full potential.


Function of Growth Plates

Role in Height Development:

The role of growth plates is crucial in children’s development, as they are responsible for increasing their height by lengthening bones. Within growth plates, various biological processes occur in harmony, collaborating to generate new bone tissue and gradually lengthening bones over time. This careful coordination is what causes kids and teens to grow taller quickly during childhood and adolescence.

Closure and Adulthood:

As kids grow taller rapidly due to the careful coordination at the growth plates, these plates eventually close, signaling the end of major growth spurts and the start of a more stable period as they reach maturity.

When growth plates close, it means that the significant increase in height has finished. Typically, boys and girls have their growth plates close at different times.

According to research mentioned in a study on growth plate closure, the age at which at least 50% and 90% of females had fused their growth plates occurred between 14-17 and 15-18 years, respectively. In boys the age at which at least 50% and 90% had fused their growth plates occurred between 15-18 and 17-20 years, respectively (Kvist OFT, Luiza Dallora A, Nilsson O, et al, 2021). Once the growth plates close, they merge with the bones, signifying the end of the growth process and the start of adulthood. This milestone marks the end of growing taller and the beginning of focusing on maintaining healthy bones and overall well-being throughout adulthood.

Factors Influencing Growth Plates

•Genetic Factors:

Numerous important factors affect how growth plates function and impact a child's height. One key factor is genetics.

Genetics play a significant role in how growth plates operate, which ultimately affects a child's potential height. However, at TruHeight® , we believe that genetics aren't the sole determining factor. There are ways to help support children’s growth beyond just their genetic makeup.

•Nutritional Influence:

Another important factor is the child’s nutrition. Just like a high-performance engine needs the right fuel to run well, growth plates also need proper nutrition to function at their best. TruHeight® provides top-quality fuel for this growth engine, containing all the essential nutrients needed to support children’s healthy bone growth and development.

•Hormonal Regulation:

The final factor is hormones. Growth is regulated by hormones such as growth hormone, thyroid hormone, and sex hormones. These hormones control when growth begins and ends by interacting with the growth plates. TruHeight® is made to help support this process, aiming to keep a healthy balance.

Injuries and Conditions Related to Growth Plates

Common Injuries:

As kids grow, there are risks and issues that can occur with growth plates.

Because growth plates are softer and more delicate than bone, they're more likely to get injured. These injuries can range from minor fractures from falls to more serious disruptions from accidents. It's crucial to take a comprehensive approach to recovery that helps the growth plates heal properly. This includes having a balanced diet, keeping a close eye on the injury, and getting the nutritional support of TruHeight®.

Growth Plate Disorders:

Although rare, conditions such as Blount's disease or rickets can impact growth plates, causing irregular growth and development. Recognizing these conditions early and taking action is important for managing them. This involves providing thorough support, including ensuring proper nutrition with supplements like those provided by TruHeight®.

Supporting Healthy Growth Plates with TruHeight® Supplements

Nutrition and Exercise:

A child's body is constantly changing, with growth plates guiding how they physically develop. Good nutrition is crucial for this process, and when combined with exercise, it ensures that their body grows properly. TruHeight® boosts this process by providing the exact nutrients needed for healthy growth plates. Here are some things you can do:

  1. Incorporate a balanced diet: Include a variety of fruits, vegetables, proteins, and whole grains to provide essential nutrients for your bone health.

  2. Regular exercise: Do physical activities like swimming, cycling, or team sports that promote healthy bone growth without putting too much strain on your growth plates.

  3. Take TruHeight® supplements: Add TruHeight® to your daily routine to ensure you’re getting key nutrients that support growth plate health.

Medical Monitoring:

In addition to eating right and staying active, it's also important to have regular check-ups with a pediatrician. Pediatricians take care of how children grow, keeping an eye on their growth plates. Regular visits to the doctor help ensure that everything is going well and any issues can be addressed promptly. TruHeight® serves as a trusted ally in this journey, complementing the pediatrician's care with targeted nutritional support.


Understanding growth plates is crucial for both kids and parents in monitoring and supporting healthy growth. These plates, located at the ends of long bones, are essential for bone development, leading to height increase during childhood and adolescence. By maintaining a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and supplementing with products like TruHeight®, children can optimize their growth potential. Additionally, it's important to monitor for any injuries or conditions that might affect the growth plates, ensuring timely and appropriate care.

Taking proactive steps in nutrition, exercise, and regular medical check-ups can significantly contribute to a child's growth and overall well-being. Have you considered how your daily habits impact your growth plates and overall health? Engage in the conversation by sharing your thoughts or experiences, and remember, every step towards healthy living counts towards reaching your full potential.


What factors can influence the timing of growth plate closure?

The timing of growth plate closure can be influenced by various factors such as genetics, nutrition, hormonal balance, and overall health. Additionally, external factors like injury or illness can also impact the closure process.

Can growth plates close prematurely or too late?

Yes, growth plates can close prematurely due to injury, illness, or hormonal imbalances. Conversely, they may close later than usual in some cases, but this is less common.

Are there any signs or symptoms that indicate growth plate closure?

While there are no specific symptoms of growth plate closure, pediatricians monitor growth patterns during routine check-ups to track the progression of bone development.

Do growth plates close at the same time for all bones in the body?

No, growth plates close at different times for various bones in the body. For example, growth plates in the hands and feet may close earlier than those in the long bones of the legs and arms.

Can growth plates reopen after closure?

Once growth plates close and fuse with the bone, they typically do not reopen. However, in rare cases of injury or surgical intervention, growth plates may be stimulated to regenerate, allowing for additional growth.


Kvist OFT, Luiza Dallora A, Nilsson O, et al. A cross-sectional magnetic resonance imaging study of factors influencing growth plate closure in adolescents and young adults. Acta Paediatr. 2021;110:1249–1256. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.15617